In this article we will discuss weight gain during pregnancy. Are you curious about how much weight you might gain? Do you want to know what a healthy weight gain might be? Continue reading to find out.
Normal weight gain during pregnancy
The amount of weight you gain during pregnancy depends on your individual circumstances and what you weighed before you got pregnant. A pregnant woman who was very slim before getting pregnant will often gain more weight than a woman who weighed more before the pregnancy.
Average weight gain during pregnancy
Most women gain between 11 and 16 kilos during pregnancy. A woman who is overweight before pregnancy normally needs to gain less – between 6-9 kilograms, depending on weight before pregnancy. A woman who is underweight needs to gain more – 13-18 kilograms, depending on weight before pregnancy. If you are expecting more than one child, you will gain more weight, usually between 16-25 kilos if you are expecting twins.
GUIDELINES FOR PREGNANCY CALORIE INTAKE
The foundation of a healthy weight gain during pregnancy lies in a balanced diet and exercise. For most pregnant women, the values below are an appropriate guideline for how much you need to eat daily to have a healthy weight gain during pregnancy:
- 1800 CALORIES / DAY – FIRST TRIMESTER
- 2200 CALORIES / DAY – SECOND TRIMESTER
- 2400 CALORIES / DAY – THIRD TRIMESTER
WHY DO YOU GAIN WEIGHT DURING PREGNANCY?
Weight gain during pregnancy is healthy. When you are pregnant, your pregnancy kilos consist of more than just the weight of the fetus. Other things that make you gain weight include the growing placenta, breast tissue, increased blood volume, amniotic fluid and much more.
If you are pregnant it is important to not go on a strict diet or try to lose weight. Eat healthy and varied foods while exercising at a reasonable level. How much weight you gain during pregnancy depends on a variety of factors. A normal weight gain from an international perspective is on average around 13 kg.
WHAT CAUSES THE WEIGHT GAIN DURING PREGNANCY?
What makes you gain weight during pregnancy and how is the weight distributed?
Much of the weight gain you add on during pregnancy is not fat, but other things related to the baby. Below you will find a list of how weight might be distributed if you gained 16 kilos while pregnant:
- Baby: 3.5 kg
- Placenta: 0.9 – 1.4 kg
- Amniotic fluid: 0.9 – 1.4 kg
- Breast tissue: 0.9 – 1.4 kg
- Increased blood volume: 1.8 kg
- Grease deposits: 2.2 – 4.1 kg
- Uterine growth: 0.9 – 2.3 kg
As you can see, the actual weight of the child is only a small part of the weight gain. Therefore, you will not lose all of the weight you gained after giving birth.
HOW DO YOU DISTRIBUTE WEIGHT?
During pregnancy, weight gain occurs gradually and differs during each trimester.
- During the first trimester (the first 12 weeks) it is reasonable to gain between 1-2 kg.
- During the second trimester (weeks 12-28) it is reasonable to gain about 2 kg a month.
- During the third trimester (week 29-40) it is reasonable to gain between 1-3 kg per month.
Don´t get stressed about the weight gain
If you previously struggled with your weight, it can be difficult to accept that a weight gain is now okay. It is quite normal to be a little stressed over your weight and the weight gain during pregnancy. However, you should remember that a weight gain is necessary during pregnancy in order for your child to be healthy.